springMVC源码分析--异常处理机制HandlerExceptionResolver执行原理(二)

上一篇博客springMVC源码分析--异常处理机制HandlerExceptionResolver简单示例(一)中我们简单地实现了一个异常处理实例,接下来我们要介绍一下HandlerExceptionResolver是如何捕获到Controller中抛出的异常并展示到前台页面的。

DispatcherServlet是springMVC中最重要的一个类,之前我们已经有博客对其进行介绍过,可以看看其实现机制。

HandlerExceptionResolver可以捕获Controller中抛出的异常,因此还是和Controller的运行机制有关,我们就想到了DispatcherServlet的doDispatch方法,其异常捕获机制还是比较简单的,就是通过一个try catch来完成的,简直玩的六啊!

protected void doDispatch(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
		

		try {
			ModelAndView mv = null;
			Exception dispatchException = null;
			//开始捕获Controller执行过程中抛出的异常
			try {
				processedRequest = checkMultipart(request);
				multipartRequestParsed = (processedRequest != request);

				// Determine handler for the current request.
				mappedHandler = getHandler(processedRequest);
				if (mappedHandler == null || mappedHandler.getHandler() == null) {
					noHandlerFound(processedRequest, response);
					return;
				}

				// Determine handler adapter for the current request.
				HandlerAdapter ha = getHandlerAdapter(mappedHandler.getHandler());

				// Process last-modified header, if supported by the handler.
				String method = request.getMethod();
				boolean isGet = "GET".equals(method);
				if (isGet || "HEAD".equals(method)) {
					long lastModified = ha.getLastModified(request, mappedHandler.getHandler());
					if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
						logger.debug("Last-Modified value for [" + getRequestUri(request) + "] is: " + lastModified);
					}
					if (new ServletWebRequest(request, response).checkNotModified(lastModified) && isGet) {
						return;
					}
				}

				if (!mappedHandler.applyPreHandle(processedRequest, response)) {
					return;
				}

				// Actually invoke the handler.
				mv = ha.handle(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler.getHandler());

				if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
					return;
				}

				applyDefaultViewName(processedRequest, mv);
				mappedHandler.applyPostHandle(processedRequest, response, mv);
			}//捕获Controller执行过程中抛出的异常
			catch (Exception ex) {
				dispatchException = ex;
			}
			//异常处理操作,与HandlerExceptionResolver的操作有关
			processDispatchResult(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, mv, dispatchException);
		}
		catch (Exception ex) {
			triggerAfterCompletion(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, ex);
		}
		catch (Error err) {
			triggerAfterCompletionWithError(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, err);
		}
		finally {
			if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
				// Instead of postHandle and afterCompletion
				if (mappedHandler != null) {
					mappedHandler.applyAfterConcurrentHandlingStarted(processedRequest, response);
				}
			}
			else {
				// Clean up any resources used by a multipart request.
				if (multipartRequestParsed) {
					cleanupMultipart(processedRequest);
				}
			}
		}
在doDispatch方法中我们看到了如何捕获Controller执行过程中抛出的异常,接下来就是异常处理机制了,在processDispatchResult中,红色区域是异常处理的操作,最终操作还是在processHandlerException中了。
private void processDispatchResult(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
			HandlerExecutionChain mappedHandler, ModelAndView mv, Exception exception) throws Exception {

		boolean errorView = false;

		if (exception != null) {
			if (exception instanceof ModelAndViewDefiningException) {
				logger.debug("ModelAndViewDefiningException encountered", exception);
				mv = ((ModelAndViewDefiningException) exception).getModelAndView();
			}
			else {
				Object handler = (mappedHandler != null ? mappedHandler.getHandler() : null);
				mv = processHandlerException(request, response, handler, exception);
				errorView = (mv != null);
			}
		}

		// Did the handler return a view to render?
		if (mv != null && !mv.wasCleared()) {
			render(mv, request, response);
			if (errorView) {
				WebUtils.clearErrorRequestAttributes(request);
			}
		}
		else {
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				logger.debug("Null ModelAndView returned to DispatcherServlet with name '" + getServletName() +
						"': assuming HandlerAdapter completed request handling");
			}
		}

		if (WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(request).isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
			// Concurrent handling started during a forward
			return;
		}

		if (mappedHandler != null) {
			mappedHandler.triggerAfterCompletion(request, response, null);
		}
	}

processHandlerException中异常操作也是比较简单的,springMVC启动加载时会将所有的异常处理HandlerExceptionResolver实现类存放到handlerExceptionResolvers一个map结构中,当默认执行时,只要放回的exMv不为空就中止执行其他的异常处理实现类

protected ModelAndView processHandlerException(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
			Object handler, Exception ex) throws Exception {

		// Check registered HandlerExceptionResolvers...
		ModelAndView exMv = null;
		for (HandlerExceptionResolver handlerExceptionResolver : this.handlerExceptionResolvers) {
			exMv = handlerExceptionResolver.resolveException(request, response, handler, ex);
			if (exMv != null) {
				break;
			}
		}
		if (exMv != null) {
			if (exMv.isEmpty()) {
				request.setAttribute(EXCEPTION_ATTRIBUTE, ex);
				return null;
			}
			// We might still need view name translation for a plain error model...
			if (!exMv.hasView()) {
				exMv.setViewName(getDefaultViewName(request));
			}
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				logger.debug("Handler execution resulted in exception - forwarding to resolved error view: " + exMv, ex);
			}
			WebUtils.exposeErrorRequestAttributes(request, ex, getServletName());
			return exMv;
		}

		throw ex;
	}
最终结果就放回ModelAndView变量exMV, processDispatchResult方法执行接下来的操作
private void processDispatchResult(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
			HandlerExecutionChain mappedHandler, ModelAndView mv, Exception exception) throws Exception {

		boolean errorView = false;

		if (exception != null) {
			if (exception instanceof ModelAndViewDefiningException) {
				logger.debug("ModelAndViewDefiningException encountered", exception);
				mv = ((ModelAndViewDefiningException) exception).getModelAndView();
			}
			else {
				Object handler = (mappedHandler != null ? mappedHandler.getHandler() : null);
				mv = processHandlerException(request, response, handler, exception);
				errorView = (mv != null);
			}
		}

		// Did the handler return a view to render?
		if (mv != null && !mv.wasCleared()) {
			render(mv, request, response);
			if (errorView) {
				WebUtils.clearErrorRequestAttributes(request);
			}
		}
		else {
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				logger.debug("Null ModelAndView returned to DispatcherServlet with name '" + getServletName() +
						"': assuming HandlerAdapter completed request handling");
			}
		}

		if (WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(request).isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
			// Concurrent handling started during a forward
			return;
		}

		if (mappedHandler != null) {
			mappedHandler.triggerAfterCompletion(request, response, null);
		}
	}

最终获得异常处理HandlerExceptionResolver执行后的结果ModelAndView对象,完成异常页面的渲染工作。这个异常拦截处理的操作感觉设计的真是非常巧妙,希望能让大家了解springMVC的异常处理机制。

HandlerExceptionResolver接口及实现类:


一个基于Spring MVC的Web应用程序中,可以存在多个实现了HandlerExceptionResolver的异常处理类,他们的执行顺序,由其order属性决定, order值越小,越是优先执行, 在执行到第一个返回不是null的ModelAndView的Resolver时,不再执行后续的尚未执行的Resolver的异常处理方法。


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